People on duty should not drink wine. The following is LORD's word to Aaron, Moses' brother,

LORD to Aaron and his sons : Drink no wine nor strong drink, you nor your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die; it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations. [Leviticus 10:9]
(Note : Even nowadays, it is a serious offence for the captain of a ship to become drunk. Driving under the influence of alcohol is also an offence.)

Wine used as medicine

Paul's advice to Timothy : No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments. [1 Timothy 5:23]

When eating meat, eat a little bread as well as drink a little wine

When people offer lamb/ram/bull to LORD as offering, LORD told them to offer with bread and with wine,

LORD about wine in offering : Its drink offering shall be a fourth of a hin for each lamb; in the holy place you shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to the LORD. [Numbers 28:7]
(Note : see [Numbers 15] for details)

Amount of flour and wine that go with various offerings [Numbers 15]

Lamb1/10 ephah 1/4 hin
Ram2/10 ephah1/3 hin
Bull3/10 ephah1/2 hin

(Note : ephah and hin are units of measurement. One book says 1 ephah = 22.986 litre, 1 hin = 3.83 litre, but I am not sure if the figures are correct.)

King Solomon's teachings about wine

Solomon : Who has woe ? Who has sorrow ? Who has strife ? Who has complaining ? Who has wounds without cause ? Who has redness of eyes? Those who tarry long over wine, those who go to try mixed wine. Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly. At the last it bites like a serpent, and stings like an adder. Your eyes will see strange things, and your mind utter perverse things. You will be like one who lies down in the midst of the sea, like one who lies on the top of a mast. "They struck me," you will say, "but I was not hurt; they beat me, but I did not feel it. When shall I awake? I will seek another drink." [Proverbs 23:29-35]

Solomon : Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; and whoever is led astray by it is not wise. [Proverbs 20:1]

Solomon : He who loves pleasure will be a poor man; he who loves wine and oil will not be rich. [Proverbs 21:17]

Wu Siu Yan
4th December, 2001

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