有責任在身不可飲酒.

以下是上帝對摩西長兄, 亞倫, 所說的話,

上帝 對亞倫和他兒子說 : 你和你兒子進會幕的時候、清酒、濃酒、都不可喝、免得你們死亡.這要作你們世世代代永遠的定例.[利未記 10:9]



酒可作藥用

保羅 對 提摩太 說 : 因你胃口不清、屢次患病、再不要照常喝水、可以稍微用點酒。[提摩太前書 5:23]

Paul's advice to Timothy : No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments. [1 Timothy 5:23]



吃肉時, 吃一些麵包 (或飯) 及飲一些酒

當人們獻 牛羊 為祭給上帝時, 同時要獻一些麵粉和酒,

上帝 : 為這一隻羊羔要同獻奠祭的酒、一欣四分之一.在聖所中、你要將醇酒奉給耶和華為奠祭。[民數記 28:7]

LORD about wine in offering : Its drink offering shall be a fourth of a hin for each lamb; in the holy place you shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to the LORD. [Numbers 28:7]
(Note : see [Numbers 15] for details)

獻祭 所用的麵粉和酒 [民數記 15] :

 麵粉
羊羔
lamb
1/10 伊法 1/4 欣
公綿羊
ram
2/10 伊法1/3 欣
公牛
bull
3/10 伊法1/2 欣

(註 : 伊法 都是量度單位. 一書說 : 1 伊法 (ephah) = 22.986 公升, 1 欣 (hin) = 3.83 公升, 但我不知這是否正確.)



所羅門 警戒酒的禍患

所羅門 :誰有禍患、誰有憂愁、誰有爭鬥、誰有哀歎、〔或作怨言〕誰無故受傷、誰眼目紅赤、就是那流連飲酒、常去尋找調和酒的人。 酒發紅、在杯中閃爍、你不可觀看、雖然下咽舒暢、終久是咬你如蛇、刺你如毒蛇。 你眼必看見異怪的事。 你心必發出乖謬的話. 你必像躺在海中、或像臥在桅杆上. 你必說、人打我我卻未受傷、人鞭打我我竟不覺得、我幾時清醒、我仍去尋酒。 [箴 言 23:29-35]

Solomon : Who has woe ? Who has sorrow ? Who has strife ? Who has complaining ? Who has wounds without cause ? Who has redness of eyes? Those who tarry long over wine, those who go to try mixed wine. Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly. At the last it bites like a serpent, and stings like an adder. Your eyes will see strange things, and your mind utter perverse things. You will be like one who lies down in the midst of the sea, like one who lies on the top of a mast. "They struck me," you will say, "but I was not hurt; they beat me, but I did not feel it. When shall I awake? I will seek another drink." [Proverbs 23:29-35]

所羅門 : 酒能使人褻慢、濃酒使人喧嚷.凡因酒錯誤的、就無智慧。

Solomon : Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; and whoever is led astray by it is not wise. [Proverbs 20:1]

所羅門 :愛宴樂的、必致窮乏.好酒愛膏油的、必不富足。

Solomon : He who loves pleasure will be a poor man; he who loves wine and oil will not be rich. [Proverbs 21:17]



胡紹寅
2001 年 12 月 4 日


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